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Amazon Web Services (AWS)

Synopsis

Atlas supports deploying clusters onto Amazon Web Services (AWS). Atlas supports all AWS regions other than those in China and US GovCloud.

The following table shows the supported AWS regions. The Atlas Region is the corresponding region name used by the Atlas API.

AWS Region Location Atlas Region M0 Free Tier Support M2/M5 Shared Tier Support
us-east-1 Northern Virginia, USA US_EAST_1 check square icon check square icon
us-west-2 Oregon, USA US_WEST_2 check square icon check square icon
ca-central-1 Montreal, QC, Canada CA_CENTRAL_1    
us-east-2 Ohio, USA US_EAST_2    
us-west-1 Northern California, USA US_WEST_1    
sa-east-1 Sao Paulo, Brazil SA_EAST_1    
AWS Region Location Atlas Region M0 Free Tier Support M2/M5 Shared Tier Support
ap-south-1 Mumbai, India AP_SOUTH_1 check square icon check square icon
ap-east-2 Hong Kong, China AP_EAST_2 check square icon check square icon
ap-southeast-1 Singapore AP_SOUTHEAST_1 check square icon check square icon
ap-southeast-2 Sydney, NSW, Australia AP_SOUTHEAST_2   check square icon
ap-northeast-1 Tokyo, Japan AP_NORTHEAST_1    
ap-northeast-2 Seoul, South Korea AP_NORTHEAST_2    
AWS Region Location Atlas Region M0 Free Tier Support M2/M5 Shared Tier Support
eu-central-1 Frankfurt, Germany EU_CENTRAL_1 check square icon check square icon
eu-west-1 Ireland EU_WEST_1 check square icon check square icon
eu-north-1 Stockholm, Sweden EU_NORTH_1    
eu-west-2 London, England, UK EU_WEST_2    
eu-west-3 Paris, France EU_WEST_3    
eu-south-1 Milan, Italy EU_SOUTH_1    
AWS Region Location Atlas Region M0 Free Tier Support M2/M5 Shared Tier Support
me-south-1 Bahrain ME_SOUTH_1    
af-south-1 Cape Town, South Africa AF_SOUTH_1    

This page provides reference material related to Atlas cluster deployments on AWS.

Cluster Configuration Options

Each Atlas cluster tier comes with a default set of resources. Atlas provides the following resource configuration options:

Custom Storage Size

The size of the server root volume. Atlas clusters deployed onto AWS use general purpose SSDs [1].

The following cluster tiers are available:

Instance Size Default Storage Default RAM
M2 2 GB Shared
M5 5 GB Shared
M10 10 GB 2 GB
M20 20 GB 4 GB
M30 40 GB 8 GB
M40 80 GB 16 GB
M40 Low-CPU (R40) 80 GB 16 GB
M40_NVME 380 GB 15.25 GB
M50 160 GB 32 GB
M50 Low-CPU (R50) 160 GB 32 GB
M50_NVME 760 GB 30.5 GB
M60 320 GB 64 GB
M60 Low-CPU (R60) 320 GB 64 GB
M60_NVME 1.6 TB 61 GB
M80 760 GB 131 GB
M80 Low-CPU (R80) 750 GB 122 GB
M80_NVME 1.6 TB 122 GB
M100 1 TB 160 GB
M140 1 1 TB 192 GB
M200 1.5 TB 256 GB
M200 Low-CPU (R200) 1.5 TB 256 GB
M200_NVME 3.1 TB 244 GB
M300 1 2 TB 384 GB
M300 Low-CPU (R300) 2 TB 384 GB
M400 Low-CPU (R400) 3 TB 488 GB
M400_NVME 2 4 TB 512 GB
M700 Low-CPU (R700) 4 TB 768 GB

1 Unavailable in the AP_SOUTHEAST_2 region.

2 Availability limited to the following regions:

  • US_EAST_1
  • US_EAST_2
  • US_WEST_2
  • EU_WEST_1
  • EU_CENTRAL_1
  • AP_NORTHEAST_1

Cluster Tier & API Naming Conventions

For purposes of management with the Atlas API, cluster tier names that are prepended with R instead of an M (R40 for example) run a low-CPU version of the cluster. When creating or modifying a cluster with the API, be sure to specify your desired cluster class by name with the providerSettings.instanceSizeName attribute.

Workloads typically require less than 2TB.

Custom Storage Speed

The input/output operations per second (IOPS) the system can perform.

Each cluster has a default IOPS rate. You can also choose to provision your tier’s IOPS rate to meet your particular needs.

The selected cluster tier and custom storage size dictate the maximum IOPS for each storage speed.

Encrypted Storage Volumes
Encrypts the root volume for data at rest inside the volume and all data moving between the volume and the cluster. Atlas uses Amazon EBS encryption.

Amazon Availability Zones

Each AWS region includes a set number of independent availability zones. Availability Zones consist of one or more discrete data centers, each with redundant power, networking and connectivity, housed in separate facilities. For regions that have at least three availability zones (3AZ), Atlas deploys clusters across three availability zones. For regions that only have two availability zones (2AZ), Atlas deploys clusters across two availability zones.

The Atlas Add New Cluster form marks regions that support at least three availability zones as Recommended, as they provide higher availability.

The number of availability zones in a region has no effect on the number of MongoDB nodes Atlas can deploy. MongoDB Atlas clusters are always made of replica sets with a minimum of three MongoDB nodes.

For more information on the number of availability zones in a given region, see the Amazon documentation on global infrastructure.

For more information on AWS regions and availability zones, see the Amazon documentation on using regions and availability zones

Regions with at Least Three Availability Zones

Atlas clusters deployed in regions with at least three availability zones are split across three availability zones. For example, a three node replica set cluster would have one node deployed onto each availability zone.

A 3-node replica set deployed across a 3-availability zone AWS region.

3AZ clusters have higher availability compared to 2AZ clusters. However, not all regions support 3AZ clusters.

Regions with Only Two Availability Zones

Atlas clusters deployed in regions with two availability zones are split across the two availability zones. For example, a three node replica set cluster would have two nodes deployed to one availability zone and the remaining node deployed to the other availability zone.

A 3-node replica set deployed across a 2-availability zone AWS region.

2AZ clusters have a higher chance of loss of availability in the event of the loss of an availability zone than 3AZ clusters. However, where latency or location are a priority, a region that supports 2AZ clusters may be preferred.

[1]For detailed documentation on Amazon storage options, see Amazon EBS Volume Types